Crisis intervention is focused on a certain problem in a mental domain where athletes or coaches feel insecure or are unable to cope. Typically, collaboration with a psychologist consists of 6 meets. They are arranged in a psychological office, during training sessions, preparation for competitions and/ or tournaments. The aim of crisis intervention is to solve critical problems inhibiting better performance. For younger athletes (up to 15) a parental presence is usually helpful.
Typical problem areas of crisis intervention are the following:
e. g. fluctuation, dropouts, inattentiveness, lower attention capacity, etc.
extreme or uncontrollable emotions
e. g. extremely aggressive behaviour, anxiety, body tension and crampy movement, worsened feeling for sporting equipment (like a ball, racket), etc.
psycho-somatic symptoms and disorders
e. g. eating disorders, bad sleeping patterns, long lasting fatigue (burn-out), doping, etc.
communication and relation problems
e. g. conflicts between athlete and coach, inappropriate communication, ineffective coaching during a game, excessive parental pressure, etc.
e. g. decreased training motivation, how to gain motivation after an injury, goal re-evaluation, etc.
lack of self-confidence
e. g. negative self-esteem, low self-confidence after sequence of failures, etc.
Extreme and uncontrollable emotions bring concentration problems and deteriorate performance.
Inappropriate communication in a match can destroy team-spirit and overall performance.