TOP PERFORMANCE AND STRESS
A contemporary elite sport increases pressure on athletes, coaches and other supportive persons (parents, partners, physiotherapists, physicians, etc.)
There are various factors inducing these facts:
In tough competitions, only centimetres, hundredths of a second or decimals of a point determine win or loss. Athletes are anxious about failure under pressure and hesitate regarding how to display optimal performance in the critical moments of a competition.
An in-depth survey among 110 elite level coaches in 26 various sport disciplines, coaches reported that mental factor contributes from 20 to 90 per cent (average 57,5%) to a whole performance. They specified that mental factor is more important in individual sports and in sports where media play big role and fan expectations are on a higher level.
Many coaches in a survey admitted collaboration with a psychologist. They estimated psychological service as effective (61%) or rather effective (29%). Usually they worked on a short-term basis because of travelling, tournaments and competitions away and managerial or financial burdens. In a recent survey, 85% of coaches asked for psychological service on a regular basis.
"I haven't known why I was unable to repeat my excellent training performance in competition for many years. But with psychological help I achieved it."
Boris Novotny, silver medalist in judo EC 2005
Coaches are also under big pressure from all around and sometimes they also need a psychological advice.